The Sea of Galilee is 12 miles long, 7 miles wide and 150 ft.
deep. It is 700 ft. below sea level. It is the main source of
water for Israel. The Jordan River flows into it at the top and flows
out of it at the bottom, continuing on to the Dead Sea.
The City of Tiberias is located on its' shores. The Sea
is also called the Sea of Tiberias and the Sea of Kenneret (in Hebrew).
The Mount referred to as the Mount of Beatitudes is also
located on the shores of the Sea of Galilee, near the city of Tiberias.
The Dead Sea is 1300 ft. below sea level - the lowest point on
the face of the earth. It is 50 miles long and 10 miles wide. The
lowest place in the United States is Death Valley, California, at 180 ft.
below sea level, for comparison.
The Moabite Mountains are on the east bank of the Dead Sea.
Aroer is the capital of the Moabite Nation in the country of Jordan, about 30
miles away from the Sea. Mt. Nebo is about 10 miles from the Moabite
Mountains. Mt. Pisgah is one of the three peaks in that range of
Jericho, captured by Joshua, the first city burned by
him, was about 10 acres in size. There are 18 layers of civilization on
top of the location of Jericho now, as is true of many, many locations in
Israel. So many Jews have entered Israel since it became a country,
housing has been a problem. Dwellings, apartments, houses have been
built on top of previous civilizations, so that when you dig, you find ruins
almost everywhere. Contractors have a problem when they begin
construction and find ruins, because they are supposed to report the ruins.
The people must have housing, so ruins thousands of years old, will never be
excavated because buildings are there now.
The Eastern Gate in the wall around Jerusalem was sealed by the
Turks about 400 years ago. They sealed it so that a Messiah could not
come through it. There is a Jewish cemetery in front of it, as well as
covering the hillsides of the Mt. of Olives. The Jews believe that Jesus
will return through that Eastern Gate and they want to be the first to see
The Jordan River has its' beginning at Caesarea Phillipi.
The River is fed by snow off of Mt. Hermon and natural springs.
From the Eastern Gate of the City, you walk down a short
incline, the side of Mt. Moriah, into the Kidron Valley and immediately up
another incline to the Mt. of Olives and the Garden of Gethsemane.
Everything in Israel is close, because of the size of the country.
The Kidron Valley is also called Jehoshaphat Valley.
Jehoshaphat means "Valley of God's Judgment." The Jews and
Muslims believe the last judgment will take place there.
Jerusalem is set on two hills. The first hill is Mt.
Moriah and the second hill is called the Western Hill. There are three
valleys. Hinnom or Gehenna Valley circles almost to the middle of
Jerusalem, making a U shape. The three valleys come together to form a
shape like a W.
The City of Bethlehem is located about five miles from its'
center to the center of Jerusalem.
The Dead Sea Scrolls were found in caves about ten miles from
Bethlehem, in 1947, discovered accidentally by a Bedouin boy (the meaning of
Bedouin is Desert Dwellers). They were contained in jars. The
scrolls are now housed in Jerusalem, placed in a building designed and built
especially for them. The building is shaped like the jars they were
There were about 800 scrolls found: almost all of the Old
Testament is included in the scrolls. There is a long scroll, called The
Temple Scroll, that describes how the temple should look.
About half of these scrolls are Bible scrolls and others tell
of daily life, routine and disciplines of the Jews. Six copies of Isaiah
were found. There was a total of about 15 caves where the scrolls were
The Valley of Gehenna is to the left of the city of Jerusalem,
or almost included in it now. This is believed to be the valley where
Solomon offered sacrifices, including sacrifices of children, probably
including his own, after he married strange wives .
The City of David is located to the left of the city of
Jerusalem also, both of them being joined as it has grown.
There are eights gates in the walls of the city:
The City of Jerusalem has approximately 600,000 people living
in it now: 400,000 Jews and 200,000 Arabs.