"THE GOSPEL OF JOHN"
The Cleansing Of The Temple (Jn 2:13-25)
1. It is common to think of Jesus as a gentle, peace-loving man
a. He certainly presented Himself as such on most occasions –
e.g., Mt 11:23-30
b. People felt comfortable in bringing their children to Him –
e.g., Jn 19:13-14
2. Yet on occasion Jesus displayed strong righteous indignation…
a. Such as when He visited Jerusalem during the Passover at the
beginning of His ministry
b. As He drove the moneychangers and merchandisers out of the temple
– Jn 2:13-15
What prompted this outburst of anger? What gave Jesus the authority to
do this? What lessons might we glean from this event? As we seek to
find the answers let’s first notice:
I. THE REBUKE OF THE LORD
A. MERCHANDISING HIS FATHER’S HOUSE
1. The Lord’s rebuke reveals the reason for His outburst – cf. Jn 2:16
2. The sellers of oxen and sheep, along with the moneychangers,
had turned the temple into a house of merchandise
3. It was to be a house of prayer, they had turned it into a den
of thieves – cf. Mt 21:13
— The Lord was angered by the manner in which some used religion
to make money
B. MIGHT WE BE GUILTY OF A SIMILAR OFFENSE?
1. What if we attend church simply as a form of "networking", to
make business contacts?
2. What if we take advantage of our relationship as brethren to
further a multilevel marketing business, a home-based business,
or any other financial enterprise?
— The Lord’s temple today is the church, we must be careful lest
we defile it as well (cf. 1 Cor 3:16-17)
The Lord has ordained that those who preach the gospel be supported (1 Cor 9:14).
But He is angered by those who view the Lord’s temple (people) as a way to
get rich. Next, we note that His anger was prompted by…
II. THE ZEAL OF THE LORD
A. ZEAL FOR HIS FATHER’S HOUSE
1. The disciples were reminded of an Old Testament prophecy – Jn 2:17; cf. Psa 69:9
2. Jesus had zeal (fervor) for God’s house, for it’s intended
purpose (a house of prayer)
— His great zeal for His Father’s house moved Him to action
B. HOW IS OUR ZEAL FOR THE LORD’S HOUSE?
1. Remember, today the Father’s house is the church – cf. 1 Tim 3:15
2. Do we have great zeal for the church?
a. That it fulfill it’s intended purpose (to make known God’s
will)? – cf. Eph 3:10-11
b. That we are troubled when we see people try to turn it into
something else, such as social club, or a purveyor of
— If we have zeal for the Lord’s house, we will not rest silent
when others pervert its purpose
Of course, the action we take may not be the same as what Jesus did.
Indeed, He took up "a whip of cords." What right did He have to use
such a display of force? That’s what the Jews wanted to know…
III. THE AUTHORITY OF THE LORD
A. THE SIGN THAT PROVES HIS AUTHORITY
1. They wanted to know what sign (miracle) He could offer to prove
His right to cleanse the temple – Jn 2:18
2. Jesus offered His ability to rise from the dead as the ultimate
proof – Jn 2:19-22
a. Later, He would restate His claim to have this ability – Jn 10:17-18
b. His resurrection proved that He was the Son of God – cf. Rom 1:4
— He has been given the authority to exercise such judgment as
cleansing the temple – cf. Jn 5:22; Jn 5:26-27
B. WE DO NOT HAVE THE SAME AUTHORITY
1. We are to judge with righteous judgment – Jn 7:24
a. At times we must distinguish between "hogs" and "dogs" – Mt 7:6
b. We can distinguish between good and bad fruit – Mt 7:15-20
2. But our authority to judge is limited – Mt 7:1-5
a. There are things we cannot judge in this life – 1 Cor 4:3-5
b. There are people we are not to judge – 1 Cor 5:11-13
c. Vengeance in particular belongs to the Lord – cf. Rom 12:17-19
— While Jesus is our example (cf. 1 Pet 2:21), there are some
"steps" that He took that we cannot take
[The reason we cannot emulate the Lord in every case becomes evident as
IV. THE POWER OF THE LORD
A. THE POWER THAT JUSTIFIES HIS ACTION
1. John mentions how many came to believe in Him because of His
signs – Jn 2:23
2. John also makes note of His unwillingness to commit Himself to
others at this time
a. He had no need to, because he knew all – Jn 2:24
b. He had no need to, because he knew what was in man – Jn 2:25
— Jesus is revealed as one who can discern the hearts of men
– cf. Mt 9:4; Rev 2:23
B. WE DO NOT HAVE THE SAME POWER
1. We cannot discern the hearts of men like the Lord can; note
a. "Our Lord knew all men, their nature, dispositions,
affections, designs, so as we do not know any man, not even
b. "He knows his crafty enemies, and all their secret projects;
his false friends, and their true characters."
c. "He knows who are truly his, knows their uprightness, and
knows their weaknesses."
d. "We know what is done by men; Christ knows what is in them,
he tries the heart."
— Matthew Henry Commentary
2. Since we cannot read the hearts of men, we must be careful
a. We are unable to always know the motives of others
b. We must approach those in opposition with humility – cf. 2 Tim 2:24-26
c. We must approach brethren overtaken in a fault with
gentleness – cf. Gal 6:1
1. In contending for the faith (which is a solemn duty, Jude 3)
a. Some often use the example of Jesus cleansing the temple to
justify their behavior
b. As they lash out in anger (righteous indignation?) towards those
2. Is it right to appeal to Jesus’ example in this case?
a. Can we appeal to every example of Jesus?
b. If so, are we justified to use a whip of cords as well?
3. The immediate context offers reasons to answer carefully
a. Jesus possessed unlimited authority to judge man, proven by His
resurrection from the dead
b. Jesus possessed divine power to read the hearts of men, we
sometimes cannot even discern our own hearts
4. There are times for righteous indignation
a. But some things must be left to the Lord, the righteous Judge
b. We must avoid what might actually be "self-righteous" indignation!
While we may not always be able to emulate the Lord’s prerogative to
judge, we should certainly strive to copy His zeal for His Father’s
house. Is our zeal for His church what it ought to be?