"THE EPISTLE TO THE HEBREWS"
Marks Of Spiritual Immaturity (He 5:11-14)
1. Just because one has been a Christian for many years, does not mean
they have grown and matured
a. They may be like the person who had been teacher for twenty-five
1) When she heard about a job that would mean a promotion, she
applied for the position. However, someone who had been
teaching for only one year was hired instead.
2) She went to the principal and asked why. The principal
responded, "I’m sorry, but you haven’t had 25 years of
experience as you claim; you’ve had only one year’s experience
— During that whole time the teacher had not improved!
b. So it may be with many Christians; they have not grown, but
simply repeated their first year of spiritual life many times
2. The lack of spiritual growth (i.e., spiritual immaturity) is a
a. For there may be blessings to be enjoyed in Christ that only the
mature Christian can truly understand and appreciate
b. If one remains spiritually immature, they do not come to fully
appreciate their standing and blessings that they have in Christ
c. So deprived of a greater understanding, they are more susceptible
to the wiles of the devil
3. The author of the book of Hebrews found himself faced with this
a. He had much to say about Christ as our High Priest
b. But the spiritual immaturity of his readers made it difficult
c. So he thought it necessary to temporarily digress –
as found in verses 11-14
4. How about you?
a. Are you growing as a Christian?
b. Or are you repeating your first year over and over again,
remaining spiritually immature?
c. Do you know how to determine whether you are spiritually mature?
[In our text we find some of the identifying "Marks Of Spiritual
Immaturity", indicators that reveal when one is in need of "growing up"
spiritually. For example, one mark of spiritual immaturity is]
I. DULLNESS OF HEARING (v 11)
A. THE HEBREWS HAD BECOME "DULL OF HEARING"
1. This prevented the writer from continuing with his argument at
2. While the material he had to share was "hard to explain"
a. It wasn’t so much the difficulty of the material itself
b. As it was their own inability to receive it
3. That they had "become" dull of hearing may imply a
a. At one time they were not "dull of hearing"
b. They may have been like the Bereans at one time, "who
received the word with all readiness" – Ac 17:11
c. Indeed, most converts are truly "sharp" in their listening
at the first
1) They are excited about what they are learning
2) They listen with great "readiness", so spiritual growth
d. But it is not uncommon for apathy to set in, making one
"dull of hearing"
e. When one becomes "dull of hearing", he begins to regress
to a state of spiritual immaturity
B. ARE YOU "DULL OF HEARING"?
1. Ask yourself these questions
a. Is the Bible dull?
b. Are the Bible studies monotonous?
c. Are the sermons boring?
d. Are things of a spiritual nature (like singing,
praying) dull, uninteresting and dreary?
2. If so, then you have become "dull of hearing"!
a. If you listen at all, it will be to those who are willing
to "tickle your ears"
b. You will be susceptible to being mislead by new
and exciting concepts – 2 Ti 4:3-4
[When one is "dull of hearing", it is only natural that the next "mark
of spiritual immaturity" will be evident]
II. THE INABILITY TO TEACH OTHERS (v 12a)
A. THE HEBREWS SHOULD HAVE BEEN ABLE TO TEACH OTHERS
1. They had been Christians for some time ("by this time you
ought to be teachers")
a. They had time to learn, to grow
b. A natural response to growth is to bear fruit
c. One way we bear fruit is by teaching others
2. In one way or another, they should have been able to teach
a. Perhaps not in a formal sense, for not all are gifted in
that way – cf. 1 Co 12:29; Ep 4:11; Ja 3:1
b. But all can share the good news and hope they have with
others – cf. Ac 8:4; 1 Pe 3:15; Ti 2:3-5
— Their need for someone to teach them again "the first
principles" demonstrated their spiritual immaturity
B. ARE YOU ABLE TO TEACH OTHERS?
1. Assuming that sufficient time has passed, are you teaching
a. Either formally as a teacher instructing others in the
b. Or informally by sharing your faith with others?
2. Do you find yourself saying "I don’t know what to say?"
a. Then it sounds like you have forgotten "the first
b. And you need to have someone teach you again!
[If one has not progressed to the point where he/she is teaching
others about Christ, then he/she is still spiritually immature!]
III. A DIET OF "MILK" (v 12b-13
A. NOW, A DIET OF "MILK" IS OFTEN NECESSARY
1. Certainly it is needed for those who are "babes in Christ"
– e.g., 1 Co 3:1-2
2. Also for those who have regressed (as with the Hebrews) –
cf. He 5:12b
3. Such a diet includes what is described as "the first
principles of the oracles of God" (later called "the
elementary principles of Christ" in He 6:1-3)
B. BUT OUR DIET MUST ONE DAY DEVELOP TO INCLUDE "SOLID FOOD"
1. Just as a physical baby must graduate to solid foods in order
to grow to maturity
2. So a "babe in Christ" cannot mature unless the diet goes
beyond the "first principles"
3. If our diet remains "milk only"
a. Then we will be "unskilled" (lit., without experience) in
the word of God
b. We will remain "babes" in Christ – cf. He 5:13
C. WHAT HAS YOUR "DIET" BEEN LATELY?
1. Has it been limited to "milk"?
a. Has it even included "milk"?
b. Some Christians may not even be getting the "milk" of the
2. Are you getting any "meat"?
a. Are you studying portions of God’s Word that challenge
b. One way to challenge yourself is to continue studying
these chapters of Hebrews
[A "milk only" diet leaves one immature, and by default one who is
"unskilled in the word of righteousness". This will in turn produce
another trait of spiritual immaturity]
IV. THE INABILITY TO DISCERN (v 14)
A. NORMAL SPIRITUAL GROWTH EXERCISES THE SENSES
1. Even the "milk" of the word is designed to train one’s
a. By exposing us to the difference between right and wrong
b. In this way our spiritual sense is "exercised"
2. Then "by reason of use" we learn to "discern both good and
a. With clear examples set before us in the Scriptures, we
learn right from wrong
b. We thereby develop the ability to "distinguish" between
good and evil
c. We become able to apply general principles to specific
1) Specific condemnation of a practice is not always
2) We can discern when something is more like the good, or
more like the bad
B. SPIRITUAL IMMATURITY LACKS THIS ABILITY TO DISCERN
1. A babe in Christ often has difficulty discerning the
a. Good teaching (truth) and bad teaching (error)
b. Good conduct (righteousness) and bad conduct (wickedness)
2. Inability to discern leaves them open to being
a. "tossed to and fro and carried about with every wind of
doctrine" – cf. Ep 4:14
b. Like "a wave of the sea driven and tossed by the wind
… unstable in all his ways" – Ja 1:6-8
C. DO YOU HAVE THE ABILITY TO DISCERN?
1. Can you apply general principles to a specific situation, or
do you require a clear "Thou shalt not" to determine if
something is wrong?
2. Are you able to recognize when a doctrine is true to God’s
3. Or are you dependent upon someone else
a. To "spoon feed" you?
b. To "take you by the hand and lead" you?
— I.e., to tell you what is right and wrong, what is truth
and what is error
1. There are certainly other indicators of spiritual immaturity
a. E.g., behaving in a carnal way
b. E.g., possessing strife, envy, and jealousy – cf. 1 Co 3:1-4
2. But in our present text we have focused our attention on the four
a. Dullness of hearing
b. The inability to teach others
c. A diet of "milk"
d. The inability to discern
— All of these should serve as "warning signs" that something is
amiss in our lives as Christians, for they are truly "Marks Of
In our next lesson ("The Peril Of Not Progressing"), we shall see why
it is so important to grow spiritually. As Peter warned, growth is the
"antidote" to falling away:
"You therefore, beloved, since you know this beforehand, beware
lest you also fall from your own steadfastness, being led away
with the error of the wicked; but grow in the grace and knowledge
of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. To Him be the glory both now
and forever. Amen." – 2 Pet 3:18
Are you growing in the grace and knowledge of our Lord?