"THE PARABLES OF JESUS"
The Householder (Mt 13:51-52)
1. Following His explanation of "The Parable Of The Dragnet" (Mt 13:47-50),
we find Jesus asking His disciples:
"Have you understood all these things?" (Mt 13:51)
2. This question likely relates not just to the preceding parable, but
to all of those recorded in this chapter:
a. The Parable Of The Sower - Mt 13:3-9; Mt 13:18-23
b. The Parable Of The Wheat And The Tares - Mt 13:24-30; Mt 13:36-43
c. The Parable Of The Mustard Seed - Mt 13:31-32
d. The Parable Of The Leaven - Mt 13:33
e. The Parable Of The Hidden Treasure - Mt 13:44
f. The Parable Of The Pearl Of Great Price - Mt 13:45-46
g. The Parable Of The Dragnet - Mt 13:47-50
-- All of which reveal truths related to "the mysteries of the
kingdom of heaven" - Mt 13:11
3. When His disciples answer in the affirmative, Jesus tells yet
a. This one is called "The Parable Of The Householder" - Mt 13:52
b. This parable, however, is describing not so much the kingdom of
heaven itself, but those (especially "scribes") who have been
instructed concerning the kingdom
[As we take the time to consider what Jesus said, seeking to glean what
truths and principles we can from Him, let's first look closely at...]
I. THE PARABLE ITSELF
A. JESUS IS MAKING A POINT ABOUT A "SCRIBE"...
1. "Therefore every scribe instructed about the kingdom of
2. From the "Holman Bible Dictionary", a scribe was a "Person
trained in writing skills and used to record events and
decisions (Jer 36:26; 1 Chron 24:6; Esth 3:12). During the
Exile in Babylon educated scribes apparently became the
experts in God's written word, copying, preserving, and
teaching it. Ezra was a scribe in this sense of expert in
teaching God's word (Ezra 7:6). A professional group of such
scribes developed by New Testament times, most being Pharisees
(Mark 2:16). They interpreted the law, taught it to disciples,
and were experts in cases where people were accused of
breaking the law of Moses. They led in plans to kill Jesus
(Luke 19:47) and heard His stern rebuke (Matt. 23)."
3. They were more than simply copyists, but students and
instructors as well
4. It would be assumed, therefore, that a scribe would be
expected to understand the finer points of the Law of Moses
B. A SCRIBE "INSTRUCTED CONCERING THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN..."
1. Jesus' point is not about a normal scribe, who would
understand only the Law
2. But a scribe who would be instructed about the kingdom of
heaven (via the parables)
C. SUCH A SCRIBE "IS LIKE A HOUSEHOLDER..."
1. A householder with "treasure", something of great value
2. Treasure that is both "new" and "old"
a. The "old" treasure would be his understanding of the Law
b. The "new" treasure would be his understanding of the
kingdom of heaven
[The parable and its "explanation" appear simple enough to understand.
But there are also "implications" from the parable that are worthy of
II. IMPLICATIONS FROM THE PARABLE
A. EVERY DISCIPLE IS LIKE A SCRIBE...
1. This implication is a fair one to make
a. Because the parable was told in response to a question
asked of His disciples
b. Because His disciples...
1) ...had been told that only by understanding the Word can
one bear good fruit - Mt 13:23
2) ...had been asked whether they "understood all these
things?" - Mt 13:51
c. Understanding God's Word was a fundamental aspect of being
a scribe, so it was to being a disciple!
2. Elsewhere Jesus makes it clear that His disciples must be like
a. The very word "disciple" means a "learner", which requires
one to be like a scribe
b. In the Great Commission...
1) Jesus told His apostles to "make disciples" (i.e.,
learners) - Mt 28:19
2) His disciples would then be "taught" all that Christ
commanded - Mt 28:20
B. EVERY DISCIPLE IS A LIKE HOUSEHOLDER WITH TREASURE...
1. That treasure is the Word of God, which even with the partial
revelation of the Old Testament was...
a. "More to be desired than gold, yea, than much fine gold"
- cf. Ps 19:7-11
b. Better than silver, fine gold, and rubies; and "all the
things you may desire cannot compare with her." - cf. Prov 3:13-18
2. The value of that treasure is enhanced with the full and final
revelation of God's Will through His Son Jesus Christ - cf. Co 2:2-3
C. EVERY DISCIPLE HAS BOTH OLD AND NEW TREASURE...
1. Not just the new treasure, but the old as well
2. Some Christians may downplay the importance of the Old
Testament, but we shouldn't!
a. It was written for our learning, to provide patience,
comfort and hope - Ro 15:4
b. It was written for our admonition - 1 Co 10:11
3. Dare we throw away old treasure, just because we have been
blessed to receive new?
a. That which is "old" can help us appreciate more fully that
which is "new"!
b. It can help make us "wise for salvation through faith which
is in Christ" - 2 Ti 3:14-15
c. As "scripture" inspired of God, it is still profitable
- 2 Ti 3:16-17
4. Of course, we must "rightly divide" the word of truth - 2 Ti 2:15
a. By observing the distinction between the Old and
New Covenants - cf. He 8:6-13
b. By remembering that it is the fuller revelation provided by
the New that helps to explain the "mystery" of the Old
- e.g., Lk 24:25-27; Lk 24:44-47
1) It was not until Jesus fulfilled and then explained Old
Testament prophecies that His disciples were able to
2) So we should not seek to understand the New in light of
the Old, but the Old in light of the New!
1. The main point we want to stress is that as disciples of Jesus we
have been richly blessed!
a. Jesus said it was because we have been blessed to see and hear
things others did not - Mt 13:16-17
b. When we understand the parables and His other teachings
concerning the kingdom of heaven, as well as the Old Testament,
then we have treasure added upon treasure!
2. But we must be like the scribes of old to enjoy these treasures...
a. Emulating especially the example of Ezra - Ezra 7:10
b. Preparing our hearts to seek the Word, to do it, and then to
3. Do we appreciate the great treasure we have available to us?
a. Do we appreciate its greatness because it alone points us...
1) To Him who is the center and theme of its revelation, Jesus
2) And to His kingdom that is everlasting?
b. Or are we like so many, who forsake this great treasure for that
which is temporary, and does not really satisfy?
Don't allow the distractions of this world to cause the "treasures" to
slip through your fingers!
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