"THE PARABLES OF JESUS"
The Wedding Feast (Mt 22:1-14)
1. We come to the third of three parables Jesus told when challenged by
the religious leaders in the temple during His last week…
a. "The Two Sons" was told in regards to their rejection of John the
Baptist – Mt 21:28-32
b. "The Wicked Vinedressers" described how God would reject them
because they had rejected His prophets, and ultimately His own
Son! – Mt 21:33-46
c. In "The Wedding Feast", the wickedness and rebelliousness of the
religious leaders is even more vividly described – Mt 22:1-14
2. In "The Wedding Feast", the Lord is revealing Himself and the nature
of their rejection more clearly than He did in the previous
a. There He was indeed the son; but here He is a royal son
b. There they were rejecting what they rightfully owed by way of
contract; but here they are rejecting kindness which had been
graciously offered to them!
3. In this parable, we also see an expansion of the element of Divine
a. The previous parable described judgment upon Israel for rejecting
b. So does this parable, but it also describes judgment upon those
who have accepted the King’s invitation, yet not in the way it
was intended to be received!
I. THE PARABLE ANALYZED
A. AN INVITATION SPURNED (Mt 22:1-10)
1. The kingdom of heaven is likened to a wedding feast – Mt 22:1-2
a. Isaiah had used the figure of a feast to prophecy of the
Messianic age – Is 25:6
b. The Book of Revelation describes a future marriage of the
Lamb and His Bride – Re 19:7
2. And yet the invitation is spurned…
a. By those indifferent – Mt 22:3-5
b. By those rebellious – Mt 22:6
— Jesus may have reference here to the Jewish nation, as He
did in the parable of "The Wicked Vinedressers" – Mt 21:33-46
3. The King’s furious reaction – Mt 22:7
a. Those who had so callously rejected His invitation, abused
His servants, are themselves destroyed
b. Many understand this to be a prophecy of the destruction of
Jerusalem, which occurred in 70 A. D. – Lk 19:41-44
4. The invitation is extended to others – Mt 22:8-10
a. As in the parable of "The Wicked Vinedressers", the
opportunity to enjoy the blessings of the kingdom of God is
extended to others – Mt 21:43
b. This has reference to the offer of the gospel and the
kingdom to the Gentiles – cf. also Mt 8:5-12
B. A GUEST IMPROPERLY ATTIRED (Mt 22:11-14)
1. Without a wedding garment – Mt 22:11-12
a. It was customary for the hosts to provide their guests
b. To not wear the provided garment showed a lack of respect
c. No real excuse could be offered for not wearing one ("he
2. The King’s furious reaction – Mt 22:13
a. The seriousness of the insult is seen in the reaction of
b. The punishment described is similar to that found in other
parables – Mt 13:42; Mt 13:50
3. Jesus’ conclusion – Mt 22:14
a. This summarizes the main point of the entire parable
b. The invitation (call) of God is extended to many, but few
receive it in such a way to be among the "chosen"
[This parable was clearly told in response to the rejection of the
King’s Son and His Kingdom by the Jewish nation. However, elements of
the parable apply to us as well, for the invitation to attend "The
Wedding Feast" is still being offered through the call of the Gospel!
With that in mind, consider a few more thoughts on…]
II. THE PARABLE APPLIED
A. HAVE YOU SPURNED THE FATHER’S INVITATION?
1. Through indifference?
a. Many people do not know God because of a lack of interest
b. Yet God has so ordered the affairs of life to encourage
faith and interest in Him – Ac 17:26-27; Ro 1:20; 1 Tim 2:3-4
c. For this reason, even those who through indifference do not
know God and obey the gospel will be condemned – 2 Th 1:7-10
2. Through rebelliousness?
a. There are many who know full well the Father’s invitation
b. But for whatever reason they rebel against it
c. In so doing, they despise riches of God’s grace and store
up for themselves God’s righteous indignation – Ro 2:4-11
[Certainly all should respond to the Father’s invitation if they
desire to enjoy the spiritual blessings of the kingdom of heaven.
But as we learn from the parable, there is more…]
B. ARE YOU ATTIRED FOR THE WEDDING?
1. Many seek to attend the "wedding" in apparel of their own
a. Some, not knowing the righteousness of God, have sought to
establish their own – Ro 10:1-3
b. People do this today, when they expect salvation on terms
different than those taught in the gospel
1) E.g., trying to obtain salvation based upon their own
2) E.g., trying to obtain salvation on faith without
repentance and obedience
2. We must be willing to put on the "apparel" that God gives us:
a. We must "put on" Jesus Christ!
1) First and foremost this involves clothing ourselves with
2) Which Paul explains takes place in baptism – Ga 3:26-27
— Have you put Christ on in baptism?
b. We must "put on" the new man!
1) Paul applies the figure of putting on a garment to the
development of Christian conduct and character – Col 3:5-14
2) Do we wish to be found at the wedding feast adorned with
the apparel of the "old man with his deeds"?
— Are you putting off the "old man", and putting on the
c. We must "put on" righteous deeds!
1) John described the preparation for glorious wedding of
the Lamb and His bride – Re 19:6-9
2) We understand that the "righteous acts of the saints"
are not done to merit salvation – Ti 3:4-5
3) They are done to bring honor to God, and therefore we
are to be ever ready and zealous to do good works –
cf. Mt 5:16; Ti 3:1; Ti 3:8; Ti 3:14
— Are you doing what you can to "beautify" the wedding
garment of the bride?
1. We have truly been blessed to be given the opportunity to receive
the Father’s invitation to the wedding feast of His Son!
2. But we learn from Jesus and His parables that the "kingdom of
heaven" is for those who thankfully and properly receive the grace
that God has to offer
3. The example we see when we look at the nation of Israel should serve as
a warning to all, both Jew and Gentile, that while God’s call of
the gospel is open to all, the saying of Jesus still remains true…
"For many are called, but few are chosen."
You have been called! Will you be chosen?