"THE FIRST EPISTLE TO THE THESSALONIANS" Chapter Five OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER 1) To note the unexpected nature of the coming of the Lord and how we should prepare for that event 2) To see what our responsibilities are toward those who are over us in the Lord and what responsibilities we have to one another 3) To appreciate what the will of God is for us as it relates to joy, thanksgiving, and prayer SUMMARY Continuing his apostolic instructions, Paul knows he does not need to write to the Thessalonians concerning the timing of the Lord's coming, for they know full well that He will come as a thief in the night and with sudden destruction catch many people unexpectedly (1-3). Such should not be the case for Christians, however, for they are "sons of light" and "sons of the day"; therefore, they should watch and be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love, and having as a helmet the hope of their salvation (4-8). Knowing that God has appointed them to obtain salvation through Jesus Christ, they know that whether dead or alive they will live with Christ. Through such hope they should therefore comfort and edify one another, just as they were doing (9-11). A series of exhortations follows. First, to recognize and esteem those who labor among them and are over them in the Lord, and to be at peace among themselves (12-13). Then, exhortations related to our concern for one another, along with a call to rejoice always, to pray without ceasing, to give thanks in everything, to quench not the Spirit nor despise prophecies, to test all things, to hold fast to what is good and to abstain from all that is evil (14-22). Paul concludes his epistle with a prayer for their sanctification as it relates to the coming of Christ, a reminder of the faithfulness of God, a plea for prayer in his behalf, and final instructions concerning greeting one another and having the epistle read to all the brethren. He signs off with a prayer for grace from the Lord Jesus in their behalf (23-28). OUTLINE I. WALK IN LIGHT (1-11) A. FOR THE DAY OF THE LORD WILL COME AS A THIEF IN THE NIGHT (1-4) 1. Concerning times and seasons, Paul did not need to write to them (1) 2. They understood that the Day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night (2) 3. It will come unexpectedly upon many, and such will not escape (3) 4. But they are not in darkness, so that day should not overtake them as a thief (4) B. FOR WE ARE TO BE SONS OF LIGHT AND SONS OF THE DAY (5-8) 1. We are not to be of the night or of darkness (5) 2. Therefore we must watch and be sober, unlike those who sleep and get drunk (6-7) 3. Those of the day are to be sober, and properly attired by putting on... (8) a. The breastplate of faith and love b. The hope of salvation as a helmet C. FOR GOD HAS APPOINTED US TO SALVATION (9-11) 1. He did not appoint us to wrath, but to obtain salvation through Jesus Christ (9) 2. Who died for us, that whether dead or alive, we should live together with Him (10) 3. Therefore we need to comfort and edify one another (11) II. WALK IN OBEDIENCE (12-22) A. WITH RESPECT TOWARD THOSE OVER US (12-13) 1. To recognize those... a. Who labor among us (12a) b. Who are over us in the Lord (12b) c. Who admonish us (12c) 2. To esteem them highly in love for their work's sake (13a) 3. To be at peace among ourselves (13b) B. WITH CONCERN FOR ONE ANOTHER (14-15) 1. Exhorted to... a. Warn those who are unruly (14a) b. Comfort the fainthearted (14b) c. Uphold the weak (14c) d. Be patient with all (14d) 2. To render not evil for evil to anyone (15a) 3. To always pursue what is good for yourselves and for all (15b) C. WITH JOY, PRAYER AND THANKSGIVING (16-18) 1. Rejoicing always (16) 2. Praying without ceasing (17) 3. Giving thanks in everything (18a) -- Which is God's will for us in Christ Jesus (18b) D. NOT QUENCHING THE SPIRIT, BUT STILL TESTING ALL THINGS (19-22) 1. They were not to quench the Spirit, nor despise prophecies (19-20) 2. Yet they were to test all things, holding fast to that which is good, and abstaining from all forms of evil (21-22) III. CONCLUDING REMARKS (23-28) A. A PRAYER FOR THEM (23-24) 1. That the God of peace sanctify them completely (23a) 2. That their whole spirit, soul, and body be preserved blameless at the coming of the Lord Jesus Christ (23b) 3. Reminding them that the One who calls them is faithful, who will also do it (24) B. A REQUEST FOR PRAYER IN HIS BEHALF (25) C. FINAL CHARGES (26-27) 1. To greet all the brethren with a holy kiss (26) 2. That this epistle be read to all the brethren (27) D. FINAL BENEDICTION OF GRACE FROM THE LORD JESUS (28)
REVIEW QUESTIONS FOR THE CHAPTER Move your mouse pointer underneath each question to see the answer.
1) What are the main points of this chapter? 2) Concerning what did Paul feel no need to write to the Thessalonians? (1) 3) What did they already know? (2) 4) What will people be saying when the Lord comes? (3) 5) What will come upon them when the Lord comes? Will they escape? (3) 6) Why will the Day of the Lord not overtake Christians as a thief? (4-5) 7) What is our responsibility as "sons of light" and "sons of the day"? (6) 8) What are we to put on? (8) 9) To what has God appointed us? (9) 10) Why did Jesus die for us? (10) 11) What is our responsibility to one another in view of such things? (11) 12) What is our responsibility to those who labor among us and are over us in the Lord? (12-13) 13) What six charges did Paul give concerning those around us? (14-15) 14) What three things does Paul say are the will of God for us in Christ Jesus? (16-18) 15) What five admonitions does Paul give related to the Spirit and prophecies? (19-22) 16) For what two things does Paul pray in behalf of the Thessalonians? (23) 17) What assurance is there that God will do this? (24) 18) What two final admonitions does Paul give the Thessalonians? (26-27) 19) What is Paul's final benediction? (28)