"THE FIRST EPISTLE TO TIMOTHY" Chapter Four OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER 1) To learn what we can about the apostasy foretold by the Spirit 2) To see what sort of things will make one a good minister of Jesus Christ SUMMARY Paul begins this chapter with describing how the Spirit has revealed that in latter times there would be an apostasy in which some would depart from the faith. This falling away would come about as people gave heed to deceiving spirits and doctrines of demons, leading to their speaking lies in hypocrisy and searing their consciences as with a hot iron. Examples of their false doctrines are given: forbidding to marry and commanding to abstain from certain foods. Regarding the latter, Paul makes it clear that all foods are acceptable if they be received with thanksgiving, for they are sanctified by the word of God and prayer (1-5). In the last half of this chapter, we find Paul instructing Timothy on how he can be a good minister of Jesus Christ. By instructing the brethren in matters pertaining to sound doctrine, he will also be nourished himself. But he should also be careful to avoid foolish fables, and rather exercise himself to godliness, which is of more enduring value than bodily exercise (6-10). Though Timothy is young, he should not let anyone despise him for his youth. Instead he must demonstrate the proper example of how a believer should speak and live. With further instruction as to what things to give attention to, Paul encourages Timothy that by following these admonitions his progress will be evident to all, and he will save both himself and those who hear him (11-16). OUTLINE I. THE COMING APOSTASY (1-5) A. THE DEPARTURE FORETOLD (1-2) 1. Foretold expressly by the Spirit (1a) 2. In latter times some will depart from the faith (1b-2) a. Giving heed to deceiving spirits and doctrines of demons (1b) b. Speaking lies in hypocrisy (2a) c. Having consciences seared with a hot iron (2b) B. THE DEPARTURE DESCRIBED (3-5) 1. Some will forbid to marry (3a) 2. Some will command abstention from certain foods (3b) a. Which God created to be received with thanksgiving (3c) b. For every creature of God is good, and nothing is to be refused (4a) 1) If it is received with thanksgiving (4b) 2) For it is sanctified by the word of God and prayer (5) II. A GOOD SERVANT OF JESUS CHRIST (6-16) A. IN REGARDS TO DOCTRINE (6-7a) 1. Instruct the brethren in regards to such things as the apostasy (6a) 2. You will be a good minister of Jesus Christ (6b) 3. You will be nourished in the words of faith and good doctrine (6c) 4. But reject profane and old wives' fables (7a) B. IN REGARDS TO GODLINESS (7b-10) 1. Exercise yourself to godliness, for bodily exercise profits a little (7b-8a) 2. But godliness is profitable for all things, having promise... a. Of the life that now is (8b) b. And of that which is to come (8c) 3. Such is a faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptance (9) 4. And to this end we labor and suffer reproach (10a) a. Because we trust in the living God (10b) b. Who is the Savior of all men, especially of those who believe (10c) C. COUNSEL FOR A YOUNG PREACHER (11-16) 1. Command and teach such things as previously described (11) 2. Let no one despise your youth (12a) 3. Be an example to the believers (12b) a. In word, in conduct, in love b. In spirit, in faith, in purity 4. Give attention to reading, to exhortation, to doctrine (13) 5. Do not neglect the gift in you (14a) a. Given by prophecy (14b) b. With the laying on of hands of the presbytery (14c) 6. In order that your progress may be evident to all... a. Meditate on these things (15a) b. Give yourself entirely to them (15b) 7. Take heed to yourself and to the doctrine (16a) a. Continue in them (16b) b. In doing this, you will save both yourself and those who hear you (16b)
REVIEW QUESTIONS FOR THE CHAPTER Move your mouse pointer underneath each question to see the answer.
1) What are the main points of this chapter? 2) What did the Spirit reveal would happen in latter times? (1) 3) What would such people give heed to? (1) 4) What would they speak? Why? (2) 5) List two examples of the sort of doctrines they would teach (3) 6) What foods are acceptable for Christians to eat? What makes them acceptable? (4-5) 7) What would ensure that Timothy would be a good minister of Jesus Christ? (6) 8) As a good minister, in what would he be nourished? (6) 9) What was Timothy to reject? Unto what was he to exercise himself? (7) 10) What is the value of godliness? (8) 11) What was Timothy not to let anyone despise? (12) 12) In what areas was Timothy to be an example to the believers? (12) 13) To what three things was Timothy to give attention? (13) 14) What was Timothy not to neglect? How was it given to him? (14) 15) How could Timothy ensure that his progress would be evident to all? (15) 16) How could Timothy save both himself and those who heard him? (16)