"THE GOSPEL OF MATTHEW"
Our Duty To God And Country (Mt 22:15-22)
1. Teaching in the temple, Jesus was approached by the Pharisees and
a. They came with the intention of entangling Him in His teaching
– Mt 22:15-16
b. They questioned Him whether one should pay taxes to Caesar
– Mt 22:17
2. Ever the Master Teacher, Jesus easily dealt with their question…
a. Seeing through their hypocrisy, He called for a coin – Mt 22:18-19
b. He asked whose inscription was on it, and they answered
"Caesar’s" – Mt 22:20-21
c. His reply cause them to marvel, and to go away – Mt 22:21-22
3. The reply of Jesus:
a. "Render therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s"
b. "And to God the things that are God’s"
…not only silenced His critics, but provided important teaching
for His disciples
4. His reply reveals that we have responsibilities to both God and
a. There are things that we must render to Caesar (country)
b. There are things that we must render to God
[What is our duty to God and country? In this study we shall review
what the Scriptures tell us about our responsibilities as citizens and
as disciples. We start with…]
I. OUR DUTY TO COUNTRY
C. FEAR AND HONOR…
1. We are to respect and honor those in positions of authority
– Ro 13:7b
a. We are to fear the king – cf. Pro 24:21
b. We are not to speak evil of our rulers – cf. Exo 22:28; Ac 23:5;
Ti 3:2; 2 Pe 2:10; Jude 8-9
2. Even as we are to honor all and love the brethren – 1 Pe 2:17
— Have you noticed that Paul and Peter never had an unkind
words about Nero?
[Christians are but sojourners and pilgrims in this world (1 Pe 2:11).
While our true citizenship is in heaven (Ph 3:20 ), we are to be a
blessing to those earthly countries in which we sojourn. Fulfill our
God-given obligations, and we will be an asset to any country in which
we live! Now let’s review…]
II. OUR DUTY TO GOD
A. LOVE GOD WITH ALL OUR BEING…
1. Jesus considered this the greatest commandment of the Law
– Mt 22:34-38
2. Being the greatest command, I would suggest this is our
C. MAKE GOD OUR NUMBER ONE PRIORITY…
1. His will, His rule, His righteousness, should be our first
priority – Mt 6:33
2. Not only over our personal concerns, but even over our duty to
a. Whenever there is a conflict between duty to God and duty
to country, God must come first
b. As stated by Peter: "We ought to obey God rather than men"
– Ac 5:27-29
3. This helps to answer questions that often arise concerning the
Christian’s duty to government
a. Can a Christian vote?
b. Can one serve in political office?
4. If such duties and privileges come at too high a price (i.e.,
placing country before God), then a Christian must obey God
rather than men
a. In some countries, the price may be too high, and a
Christian could not serve in political office or exercise
certain rights as a citizen
b. Other countries may allow for God to take precedence in
one’s conduct, permitting the Christian to participate in
1. Christians ought to be a blessing for any country in which they
a. A source of revenue, with respect for laws, and reverence for
those in authority
b. Contributing to the general welfare, through good deeds and
2. Christians can be such a blessing when…
a. They render first to God what is His due, and then what is due
b. The country respects the priority that must be given God by its
While those in authority might not always understand their proper
place, and expect more of their citizens than what is right, may we who
are disciples of Christ never fail to "Render therefore to Caesar the
things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s."