"THE SECOND EPISTLE TO THE CORINTHIANS" Chapter Seven OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER 1) To see how God can use others to comfort us 2) To understand true repentance: what leads to it, and what is the evidence that it has occurred SUMMARY Chapter seven begins with Paul summarizing his pleas to the Corinthians made in the previous chapter. Again he calls for spiritual purity, and for "hearts wide open" (1-3). Paul returns now to a point where he left off in chapter two, his anxiety when searching for Titus (cf. 2:12-13). After arriving in Macedonia, he finds him and the report Titus has from the church in Corinth is a source of great comfort and joy to Paul. Indeed, even the manner in which Titus was received by the Corinthians filled Paul with joy (4-7). The Corinthians had received a previous letter from Paul with much sorrow, but with a godly sorrow that led to true repentance. Paul could see that, and he wanted them to know it was only out of care for them he had written it (8-12). Thus, the way they had received Titus and Paul's letter, rendering quick obedience, gave Paul confidence in the Corinthians (13-16). OUTLINE I. PAUL'S PLEA TO THE CORINTHIANS (1-3) A. A PLEA FOR HOLINESS (1) 1. In view of the promises given (1a) 2. By cleansing ourselves from all filthiness (1b) 3. By perfecting holiness in the fear of God (1c) -- This is a summary of the plea found in 6:14-18 B. A PLEA FOR THEM TO OPEN THEIR HEARTS (2-3) 1. To open their hearts for Paul and his companions (2a) 2. For they have done no wrong to anyone (2b) 3. Not said to condemn, but out of love (3) -- This is a repetition of the plea found in 6:11-13 II. PAUL'S COMFORT AND JOY (4-16) A. COMFORTED BY THE COMING OF TITUS (4-6) 1. Paul's boldness made possible by his comfort and joy (4) 2. Arriving in Macedonia, Paul was troubled (5) 3. But God comforted him by the arrival of Titus (6; cf. 2:12-13) B. COMFORTED BY HEARING OF THEIR REPENTANCE (7-12) 1. Titus bore good news of their repentance (7) 2. Their repentance made him glad he had written the earlier epistle (8) 3. He was glad their sorrow was that godly sorrow which leads to true repentance (9-10) 4. The evidence of their godly sorrow (11) 5. Even so, he initially wrote out of a desire to express his care for them (12) C. HIS JOY IN THE JOY OF TITUS (13-16) 1. Comforted in their comfort, he also rejoiced seeing the joy of Titus (13a) 2. Titus' spirit had been refreshed by the Corinthians (13b) 3. The Corinthians had lived up to the reputation Paul have given them (14) 4. Titus grew in his love for them by the way they received him (15) 5. All this increased Paul's joy and confidence in the Corinthians (16)
REVIEW QUESTIONS FOR THE CHAPTER Move your mouse pointer underneath each question to see the answer.
1) What are the main points of this chapter? 2) In view of the promises in the preceding chapter, what two things does Paul admonish us to do? (1) 3) What plea does Paul repeat that was made in chapter six? (2) 4) What was Paul's condition when he first came to Macedonia? (5) 5) How did God comfort him in Macedonia? (6-7) 6) What about the Corinthians' sorrow led Paul to rejoice? (9) 7) What is the difference between "godly sorrow" and "sorrow of the world"? (10) 8) Name seven things that demonstrated the Corinthians' godly sorrow (11) 9) Why had Paul written to the Corinthians? (12) 10) What gave Paul comfort and joy? (13) 11) What had served to increase Titus' affection for the Corinthians? (15) 12) What else gave Paul joy? (16)