"THE SECOND EPISTLE TO TIMOTHY" Chapter Four OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER 1) To see the need for diligence in preaching the word of God 2) To note the satisfaction Paul had in looking back over his service to Christ, and the confidence he possessed as he looked forward to the Judgment Day and the heavenly kingdom SUMMARY The final chapter begins with a charge for Timothy to preach the word at all times. The time was coming when people would not listen to sound doctrine, but instead follow teachers who would tell what they wanted to hear. Timothy was therefore to be watchful, to endure what afflictions might come his way, and to do the work as an evangelist as he fulfilled his ministry (1-5). Knowing that his own end was near, Paul expresses personal satisfaction that he has fought the good fight, finished the race, and kept the faith. He is confident that there is laid up for him that crown of righteousness which the Lord will give to all who have loved His appearing (6-8). Timothy is then told to be diligent to come quickly. Only Luke is with Paul as he writes, for Demas has forsaken him and others have left to go to other places. Requests are made, one related to getting Mark and bringing him along, followed by a warning about Alexander the coppersmith. A reference is made concerning those who forsook Paul at his first defense, for whom Paul prays it might not be charged against them. During that time the Lord stood by Paul, and he is confident that the Lord would deliver him from every evil work and preserve him for the heavenly kingdom (9-18). Timothy is then asked to relay greetings to Paul's dear friends. Brief references are made to Erastus and Trophimus, followed by a plea for Timothy to come before winter. Finally, Paul sends greetings from various brethren and closes the letter with a prayer that the Lord will be with Timothy (19-22). OUTLINE I. EXHORTATION TO PREACH THE WORD (1-5) A. A SOLEMN CHARGE (1-2) 1. Before God and the Lord Jesus Christ (1) a. Who will judge the living and the dead b. At His appearing and His kingdom 2. To preach the word! (2) a. Be ready in season and out of season b. Convince, rebuke, exhort c. With all longsuffering and teaching B. THE REASON FOR THIS CHARGE (3-4) 1. The time is coming when people will not endure sound doctrine (3) a. According to their own desires they will heap up for themselves teachers b. For they will have itching ears 2. They will turn their ears away from the truth, and be turned aside to fables (4) C. RELATED EXHORTATIONS (5) 1. Be watchful in all things 2. Endure afflictions 3. Do the work of an evangelist 4. Fulfill your ministry II. EXHORTATION TO COME QUICKLY (6-18) A. HIS TIME IS COMING TO AN END (6-8) 1. Already being poured out like a drink offering, his departure is at hand (6) 2. Expressions of his faithfulness (7) a. He has fought the good fight b. He has finished the race c. He has kept the faith 3. His confidence concerning the future (8) a. A crown of righteousness is laid up for him b. Which will be given by the Lord, the righteous Judge 1) Given to him on that Day (of judgment) 2) Given to all who have loved His appearing B. A PLEA TO COME QUICKLY (9-16) 1. For Demas has forsaken him, having loved this present world (9-10a) 2. Crescens and Titus have left, having gone to various places (10b) 3. Only Luke is with him (11a) 4. Bring Mark, for he is useful to Paul for ministry (11b) 5. Tychicus has been sent to Ephesus (12) 6. Bring the cloak and the books, especially the parchments (13) 7. A warning against Alexander the coppersmith (14-15) 8. He was forsaken at his first defense, but prays it will not be charged against them (16) C. THE FAITHFULNESS OF THE LORD (17-18) 1. The Lord stood with him and strengthened him (17) a. So that the message was preached fully by him to the Gentiles b. And he was delivered out of the mouth of the lion 2. The Lord will deliver and preserve him (18) a. Deliver him from every evil work b. Preserve him for His heavenly kingdom -- For which glory belongs to the Lord! III. CONCLUDING REMARKS (19-22) A. MISCELLANEOUS GREETINGS AND FINAL INSTRUCTIONS (19-21) 1. Greet Prisca and Aquila, and the household of Onesiphorus (19) 2. Erastus stayed in Corinth, Trophimus was left sick in Miletus (20) 3. Timothy is to do his best to come before winter (21a) 4. Greetings from Eubulus, Pudens, Linus, Claudia, and all the brethren (21b) B. BENEDICTION (22) 1. The Lord Jesus Christ be with his spirit 2. Grace be with him. Amen.
REVIEW QUESTIONS FOR THE CHAPTER Move your mouse pointer underneath each question to see the answer.
1) What are the main points of this chapter? 2) When will Jesus judge the living and the dead? (1) 3) How was Timothy to carry out the charge to preach the word? (2) 4) What would some people not endure? What will they do instead? (3) 5) What will they turn away from? What will they be turned aside to? (4) 6) What four-fold exhortation is given to Timothy in view of such things to come? (5) 7) What did Paul know was drawing near? (6) 8) What three phrases does Paul use to describe his life as a Christian? (7) 9) What did Paul expect to receive from the Lord? Who else would receive it? (8) 10) What does Paul ask of Timothy? (9) 11) Who had forsaken Paul, and why? (10) 12) Who alone was with Paul when he wrote this epistle? (11) 13) Why did Paul want Timothy to get Mark and bring him with him? (11) 14) What else did Paul want Timothy to bring? (13) 15) Of whom did Paul warn Timothy to beware? (14-15) 16) What did Paul desire for those who had forsook him at his first defense? (16) 17) Who stood with Paul during his first defense and strengthened him? (17) 18) What two things was Paul confident the Lord would do for him? (18) 19) Who did Paul want Timothy to greet for him? (19) 20) When did Paul want Timothy to come? (21) 21) Who sent greetings to Timothy by way of Paul? (21) 22) What did Paul pray for in behalf of Timothy as he closed this letter? (22)