"THE SECOND EPISTLE TO TIMOTHY" Chapter Two OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER 1) To appreciate the need for endurance and faithfulness to the will of Christ 2) To note the warnings against profane and vain babblings, foolish and ignorant disputes 3) To consider how the servant of the Lord can be a vessel for honor, useful for the Master and prepared for every good work SUMMARY Paul continues with exhortations to Timothy in this chapter, with an emphasis on endurance and diligence. Encouraging him to be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus, Paul then charges Timothy to commit what he has learned to faithful men who can pass it along (1-2). Using the illustrations of a soldier, athlete, and farmer, Paul exhorts Timothy to endure hardship, to be faithful, and to work hard. Writing of his own endurance in hardship, Paul stresses the need to be true to the Lord (3-13). The last half of the chapter is devoted to telling Timothy how to be useful to the Master, a worker who does not need to be ashamed. With warnings to shun profane and vain babblings, and avoiding foolish and ignorant disputes, Paul reminds Timothy of things he should flee (youthful lusts) and what he should pursue (righteousness, faith, love, peace). Properly handling the word of truth, and correcting others with gentleness and humility, Timothy can truly be a servant of the Lord who is prepared for every good work, especially when dealing with those who have been ensnared by the devil (14-26). OUTLINE I. EXHORTATION TO TRANSMIT THE TRUTH TO OTHERS (1-2) A. A PLEA TO BE STRONG (1) 1. Directed to Timothy as his son (1a) 2. To be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus (1b) B. COMMIT WHAT HE HAS HEARD TO FAITHFUL MEN (2) 1. Those things he heard from Paul among many witnesses (2a) 2. Commit to faithful men who will be able to teach others (2b) II. EXHORTATION TO ENDURE HARDSHIP (3-13) A. AS A SOLDIER, ATHLETE, AND FARMER (3-7) 1. Endure hardship as good soldier of Jesus Christ (3) a. Not entangled with the affairs of this life (4a) b. That he might please the One who enlisted him (4b) 2. As an athlete, follow the rules of competition in order to win (5) 3. It is the hard-working farmer who will be the first to partake of his crops (6) 4. May the Lord give him understanding as he considers what Paul is saying (7) B. THE EXAMPLE OF PAUL HIMSELF (8-13) 1. Remember that Jesus was raised from the dead, according to the gospel (8) a. For which Paul suffered trouble as an evildoer, even to the point of chains (9a) b. Yet the word of God was not chained (9b) 2. Paul endured all things for the sake of the elect (10a) a. That they might obtain the salvation in Christ Jesus with eternal glory (10b) b. A faithful saying to encourage us to endure hardship (11-13) 1) If we died with Christ, we shall live with Him 2) If we endure, we shall also reign with Him 3) If we deny Him, He will also deny us 4) If we are faithless, He remains faithful for He cannot deny Himself III. EXHORTATION TO DILIGENCE AS A SERVANT OF THE LORD (14-26) A. INSTRUCTIONS RELATED TO HIS WORK (14-19) 1. Remind others, charging them not to strive about words (14) a. Words that do not profit b. Words that only produce ruin of the hearers 2. Be diligent to present yourself approved to God (15) a. As a worker who does not need to be ashamed b. As a worker who rightly divides the word of truth 3. Shun profane and vain babblings (16-18) a. For they only increase to more ungodliness (16) b. For their message will spread like cancer (17a) 1) Hymenaeus and Philetus are examples (17b) 2) Who have overthrown the faith of some by saying the resurrection is already past (18) 4. God's solid foundation stands, having this seal: a. The Lord knows those who are His (19a) b. Let those who name the name of Christ depart from iniquity (19b) B. INSTRUCTIONS FOR BEING USEFUL TO THE MASTER (20-26) 1. A great house has all kinds of vessels, some for honor and some for dishonor (20) 2. If anyone cleanses himself from things of dishonor, he will be a vessel of honor (21) a. Sanctified and useful for the Master b. Prepared for every good work 3. Instructions that will make one a servant useful to the Master: a. Flee youthful lusts (22a) b. Pursue righteousness, faith, love, peace with those who call on the Lord out of a pure heart (22b) c. Avoid foolish and ignorant disputes that generate strife (23) d. Do not quarrel, but be gentle to all, able to teach, patient (24) e. In humility correct those in opposition (25-26) 1) Perhaps God will grant them repentance, so that they may know the truth (25) 2) Perhaps they may come to their senses and escape the snare of the devil who has taken them captive to do his will (26)
REVIEW QUESTIONS FOR THE CHAPTER Move your mouse pointer underneath each question to see the answer.
1) What are the main points of this chapter? 2) In what did Paul want Timothy to be strong? (1) 3) What did Paul want Timothy to do with the things Paul had taught him? (2) 4) What three illustrations does Paul use to encourage Timothy to endure hardship and to work hard? (3-6) 5) What did Paul want Timothy to remember? (8) 6) What did Paul suffer in behalf of the gospel? Did it hinder the gospel? (9) 7) Why was Paul willing to endure all things? (10) 8) What encouragement is given by "a faithful saying"? (11,12a) 9) What warning is given by "a faithful saying"? (12b) 10) What was Timothy to charge others? (14) 11) What was Timothy to be diligent in doing? (15) 12) What was he to shun? Why? (16) 13) What two individuals had been guilty of spreading such things? (17) 14) What had they taught? What was the effect of their teaching? (18) 15) What is the "seal" of God's solid foundation? (19) 16) What will a "vessel of honor" be? (21) 17) What was Timothy to flee? What was he to pursue? (22) 18) What was he to avoid? Why? (23) 19) List what must be true of a servant of the Lord (24-25a) 20) Why must a servant of the Lord be this way to those in opposition? (25b-26)